Introduction

- History of ISAF

History City - Country Year
ISAF I Stockholm - Sweden 1976
ISAF II Wolfsburg - Germany 1977
ISAF III Asilomar - USA 1979
ISAF IV Guaruja - Brazil 1980
ISAF V Auckland - New Zealand 1982
ISAF VI Ottawa - Canada 1984
ISAF VII Paris - France 1986
ISAF VIII Tokyo - Japan 1988
ISAF IX Florence - Italy 1991
ISAF X Colorado Springs - USA 1993
ISAF XI Sun City - S. Africa 1996
ISAF XII Beijing - China 1998
ISAF XIII Stockholm - Sweden 2000
ISAF XIV Phuket - Thailand 2002
ISAF XV San Diego - USA 2005
ISAF XVI Rio de Janeiro - Brazil 2006
ISAF XVII Taiyuan - China 2008
ISAF XVIII New Delhi - India 2010
ISAF XIX Verona - Italy 2011
ISAF XX Stellenbosch - S. Africa 2013
ISAF XXI Gwangju - Republic of korea 2015
Message from previous chairman

Dr. Sergio C. Trindade

SE2T International, Ltd., USA/Brazil

We are used to think about energy in terms of energy sources, like wood, coal, oil, gas and alternatives. But, energy issues are better understood if we think about energy services instead. What we really need is mobility, lighting, heating, cooling and rotary movement. ISAF relates primarily to mobility, on land, water and air. ISAF responds to the demand for mobility in the form of alcohol fuels, which include alcohols, ethers and esters. These alcohol fuels are likely to play an increasing role in providing mobility all over the world in the future. They will co-exist with the current hydrocarbons and will power ever evolving engine systems, where electric traction will work in combination with internal combustion engines or alone. The ISAF movement, which started with ISAF I in Stockholm in 1976 needs the energy and enthusiasm of its participants to make ISAF XXI in Gwangju a great success. And also to carry on into the future as resilient and effective as it has been over the past four decades.
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Dr. V.N. Raina

All India Distillers' Association, India

It gives me immense pleasure that the International Symposium on Alcohol Fuels (ISAF XXI) is being organised at Gwangju, South Korea. The ISAF XXI is a truly international symposium that comprises of its members / Participants from all over the world. The ISAF is a non profit informal International Organization that strives to identify new technologies and new resources for production of alcohol fuels, ethanols, methanols and ethers etc. for the World, in view of the fast depleting fossil fuels all over the World. The ISAF will therefore serve a noble cause for the world community in identifying various technologies, methods and feedstocks to produce alcohol fuels and other bio fuels, thereby augmenting the resources for availability of fuels for various applications, particularly that of motor fuels and other uses.

The ISAF was born in Stockholm in early 1976. It was the creation of the world oil crisis of 1973. It started as a European initiative, which originally focused on Methanol. Since then, the concern over liquid fuel, its cost and availability has been a major issue for the scientists and technologists during the last 39 years.
Since then the scope of alcohol fuels has expanded to include Ethanol, ethers and bio diesels. Thus the XXI edition of ISAF in South Korea in the year 2015 will be celebrating its 39th birthday. It has been along journey for the ISAF movement which has been covered very successfully So far.

In the context of ever rising price of petroleum products and pressing need to control emission from Hydro Carbon fuels use in transports it is important that new R&D work should be carried out constantly till new sources and resources are identified and harmful emissions are totally eradicated. All of us agree that the issues of climate change and containment of environmental pollution are of vital importance for our very survival and the solutions to achieve these cannot brook any further delay. In this context, exchange of ideas and workable alternatives are very important and essential. I am therefore, sure that ISAF XXI will deliberate during the forthcoming symposium on this serious issue and show us a way how to proceed in the matter of development of new energy technologies the application of which does not emit harmful emissions.

I therefore congratulate Professor B.C. Choi, school of Mechanical Engineering and wish them all the success in successfully organising the ISAF XXI in South Korea.
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